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Native Trees of the Village of Euxton
Hazel - Corylus avellana. It is of the family
It is a deciduous shrubs and/or small tree that is much used for hedge rows and is
frequently coppiced. In recent years it has been very popular with the Hazel
plantations being planted in each year totaling up to 100 acres, primarily for nut
There are many superstitions associated with the Hazel as it is credited with magic
powers, even from Celtic times. The Hazel has pollen-bearing male catkins that are
very distinctive in February when nothing else in flower or leaf, and has very tiny
crimson female flowers.
It as a height of about 6m and can grow to an age of about 70-80 years. Its habitat
varies, but may often be as an understorey
in oak woodlands.
Its natural native distribution is throughout the whole of the British Isles.
It is found across Europe, West Asia and North Africa.
It can be readily propagation and grown from seed/nut, which is readily dispersed
The Hazel timber is white to reddish, tough and flexible. Its practical uses are cask
hoops, basketry, walking sticks, thatching, spars and divining rods. The Hazel is
also used for coppicing, charcoal burning, hurdles, fencing and it has a good firewood
The fruit or nut has good food value, hence the recent Hazel tree plantations.
The nutritious and tasty nuts are frequently taken by the larger bird and also by
both squirrels and mice that store the nuts.
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